You have probably heard of a peptide and the amazing benefits that are associated with its usage. Peptides are particularly popular with bodybuilders because of their effectiveness and their lack of known side effects. But before we go into how this compound works, we need to know what it is and how it usually comes to being.
Defining a peptide
For a better understanding, you will need to revamp your knowledge on molecular compositions and then learn what a protein is. You will further need to know all about amino acids. However, a peptide can be defined simply as a shorter chain of amino acids than the polymers or proteins. Many experts agree that peptides should have at most 50 amino acids in their chains. As for proteins, the chains are made up of much longer chains. It is for this reason that you will find some referring to these compounds as ‘short proteins’.
Amino acids occur naturally in the human body. As such, this short protein also occurs naturally in the body. It is formed when the carboxyl part of one amino acid combines with the amine part of another amino acid. The whole process happens as the water gets absorbed by some components and repelled by others. When two amino acids join up using one peptide bond they make up a dipeptide. A tripeptide is when three amino acids are joined together by two peptide bonds.
What are peptides used for?
Peptides are to be found in each and every part (cell and tissue) of the human body. They are part and parcel of the biological processes in the body. When a person is able to maintain an optimal concentration of these compounds in their bodies, it becomes possible to achieve homeostasis as well as ensure a good health.
A peptide is used as a transporter in the body. Normally, a cell membrane is impermeable from most substances. Peptides, however, do allow the cells to accept comes substances so that they can be transported from the blood into the muscle tissues. Glucose will, therefore, be let in through the cell membrane so as to be taken to the cells that need it. On the other hand, waste substances that need to be excreted are allowed out of cells by these same compounds.
Peptides act as hormones. Hormones are mandated with the role of transporting or carrying information from one tissue to another than might be located in a far off place in the body. Peptide hormones include those that help in the regulation of glucose in the body.
Why are peptides so popular in sports?
Many sports people, especially those in bodybuilding, find peptides to be of great importance. A peptide will help in the fast transportation of substances in the body. It is for this reason that a person who has used these compounds will have the energy and stamina for exercise. They are also critical when it comes to the repair of the damaged cells during a physical exercise. Moreover, peptides are allowed by a majority of competition bodies.